In the millennia of its existence the art of Azerbaijanian jewellry - making traversed a long road from the simplest techniques to the most sophisticated methods of workmanship. The numerous ornaments and objects of precious metals dating from the 11th century B.C. to the 12th century A.D. testify to the high level of Azerbaijanian material culture.
The analysis of the discovered items shows the mastership of the ancient jewellers and the successive character of this art : many of these ornaments «survived» till our time, having preserved their form fully of in different elements which had partially lost their initial significance . in present - day Azerbaijan there are still quite popular hollow gold beads, round («pill») and oval («arpa» barley seed).
Filigree items are extremely diverse in form, boasting a multitude of details and a complex composition. Details were added in the form of medallions, multipetaled flowers (solar symbol) , fishes, stars, leaves and crescents , «buta», coneshaped protrusions - «gubbe». The items were also ornamented with gems and semi-precious stones set in a raised cast - «juva» .
The most popular gems were the ruby, emerald and turquoise, although coloured minerals were also used. 19th century jewellery was made of gold and silver. Silver jewellery is identical to that of gold in terms of form and technique. The silver items, depending on their pupose, were gilded of engraved and covered with niello.
The large collection of plate belts of the general Caucasian type is made up of stamped niello elements strung on a narrow leather belt , and a buckle, also covered with niello. Their distinctive feature is the diversity of their ornamentation and the shape of their buckles.
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