Neither Europe nor Asia, Azerbaijan is an incredible tangle of contradictions and contrasts. It’s a fascinating nexus of ancient historical empires. Azerbaijan has for centuries been regarded as the threshold of Western civilisation and Eastern tradition. It is a country in which people with diverse backgrounds, religions and languages have struggled to live together, forging a national identity that is always somewhere in between East and West. Azerbaijan is probably where the Vikings came from, and definitely has the most mud volcanoes in the world. Sundry Nobels and Rothschilds made their fortunes on Baku oil and helped to found the world's first oil and gas industry here. Azerbaijan was, in 1918, the world's first Islamic democracy. Today, it’s a new nation finding its feet as it emerges from a war-torn post-Soviet chrysalis on a petroleum-funded gust of optimism. Surrounded by semi-desert on the oil-rich Caspian Sea, the nation’s cosmopolitan capital, Baku, is a dynamic boomtown, where flashy limousines and mushrooming skyscrapers sweep around a picturesque Unesco-listed ancient core.

The most rugged terrain is in the Southeast of Azerbaijan, which of the three Caucasian states has the greatest land area. Azerbaijan is dominated by the shoreline of the Caspian Sea, the Caucasus mountain range, and flatlands in the middle of the country. Landscape is characterized by dramatic elevation changes over short distances, from lowlands to highlands, with nearly half of the country considered mountainous. The word Azerbaijan is a distortion of the Greek word Atropates, given by the successors of Alexander the Great to the region of ancient Iran and inhabited by mysterious people known as the Albans. The word Atropates means “protected by fire,” a reference to the fires in the Zoroastrian temples and to the to natural burning of surface oil deposits. Although the Albans disappeared from history, each and every ethnic group now present in the region claims ties to their ancient heritage.

Citrus fruits, tea, and rice are grown in the lowlands, while the slopes are covered with vineyards and orchards. Besides being a major producer of grapes, Azerbaijani agriculture is known for olives, saffron, pomegranates, nuts, vegetables, figs, and the sesame plant for seeds and oil. The fishing industry is important to the economy, with the catch consisting mostly of herring, carp, and sturgeon roe that is processed into caviar. Agriculture is the second largest industry after petroleum exploration, processing, and transportation, which is the backbone of the Azerbaijani economy.

Azerbaijan travel agency “Azerbaijan24” invites you and your friends to visit this wonderful country

Yet barely three hours’ drive away lies an entirely different world: timeless villages clad in lush orchards from which shepherd tracks lead into the soaring high Caucasus mountains. Where Baku is multilingual and go-ahead, the provinces shuffle to the gently paced click of nard (backgammon) on tree-shaded teahouse terraces: women stay home, herds of cattle wander aimlessly across highways, and potbellied bureaucrats scratch their heads in confusion on finding that an outsider has wandered into their territory.

Fascinating Azerbaijan has an incredible wealth of scenic contrasts, is famous for caviar and carpets and has curiosities from bizarre mud volcanoes to perpetually-burning fire temples. With amazingly varied landscapes that encompass painted deserts, vineyards, orchards, oak woodlands, snow-capped peaks, iron-wood forests, hilltop castles and magnificent canyons Azerbaijan clearly has a bright tourist potential. But as yet just a few westerners seem to ever heard about the country and can vaguely imagine its approximate location. 

Visiting Azerbaijan without doubt will be an absolutely new experience to you. In many areas you may still be among the first foreign visitors locals have seen in generations. Explore Azerbaijan - the Europe's last tourist dark territory and make the most of this beautiful, varied and under-estimated land.

Hotels in Azerbaijan
Altstadt Hotel
Altstadt Hotel
City: Baku2Cost: $40.00
Altstadt Hotel is a small privately run hotel in the heart of Baku's historical centre - Old City (Icheri Sheher)...
Azeri hotel
Azeri hotel
City: Baku3Cost: $85.00
Azeri hotel is located in the heart of Baku's historical centre - Old City. This is a budget hotel that would suit those tourists that care about budget but need decent accommodation...
Atropat Hotel
Atropat Hotel
City: Baku4Cost: $150.00
Atropat Hotel enjoys a very central location and is positioned in historical Old City within walking distance to main tourist attractions of Baku: Maiden's Tower, Palace of Shirvanshahs, Caspian boulevard, etc...
Austin Hotel
Austin Hotel
City: Baku4Cost: $140.00
Four stars AUSTIN HOTEL is located in heart of Baku city centre within close proximity to Baku'a highlights such as Fountain Square, Malakan Gardens, Caspian sea Boulevard, also within easy reach of the Old City and Maiden’s Tower...
Tours
3 Days Baku tour
3 Days Baku tour
Days: 3Cost: $250.00
A fascinating tour of the city, both old and new is a great introduction to Baku and the history of the country. Day 1 Meeting at the airport and transfer to hotel. Short rest and beginning of excursion in Old Town - 'Icheri Sheher'...
From Georgia across Azerbaijan
From Georgia across Azerbaijan
Days: 6Cost: $1090.00
Day 1 Meeting at Azeri-Georgian border point near Lagodekhi (Georgian side) / Balakan (Azeri side) at around 14:00 and transfer to Sheki. Accommodation in Karavan Saray Hotel. Lunch. After short rest start your tour in Sheki...
Azeri craft tour
Azeri craft tour
Days: 4Cost: $760.00
Day 1 Meeting at the airport. Transfer to the hotel. After a short break start the tour in Baku and pay a visit to city's main landmark - Icheri Sheher (Old City). You will see the highlights of Icheri Sheher including the Palace of the Shirvans (the most striking example of the medieval palace structures in Azerbaijan, dating to the middle of 15th century); Maiden's Tower (the ancient, eight storey fortress originally built as a fire beacon); visit Dzhuma Mosque, antiques and carpet shops...
Azerbaijan in 7 days
Azerbaijan in 7 days
Days: 7Cost: $1150.00
Day 1 Arrival to Baku. Meeting at the airport and transfer to your hotel. After short rest an excursion within central Baku will be organised. You will be taken to historical centre of Baku city, to its Old Town - 'Icheri Sheher'...
Baku hotels

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